More details about the Smart Mobility workshop
On June the 27th 2019 Entando and CRS4 held a Smart mobility workshop in Cagliari. The workshop is part of the dissemination of a joint-project between CRS4 and Entando. The project is funded under the ERDF (European Regional Development Fund), POR Sardegna FESR 2007-2013, PIA 2013 (project: n.295), and is going to complete in September 2019.
We talk about the objectives and results of the workshop with one of the organizers, Cristian Lai, Ph.D. in Computer Science (University of Compiègne - France) and member of the CRS4's ISOC (Information SOCiety) group, since 2000, and one of the project managers of the Smart Environments and Technologies team for CRS4.
Here the interview:
Smart mobility is the workshop held in Cagliari on June the 27th 2019. The topic requires an in-depth explanation in order not to fall into superficiality. Contextually, it is necessary to illustrate the objectives and tools clearly. Why speak about smart mobility, and what do CRS4 and Entando do in this field?
Smart mobility, Smart City, and Internet of Things (IoT) are the hot topics of this workshop. The overall objective of the project is to develop a low-code, component-based Smart User Experience Platform (UXP). The platform opens the door for accelerated development besides connecting humans to a more pervasive digital world.
The development of the platform is based on the Digital Transformation (DX) paradigm, a process driven by user or customer-oriented technologies. The CRS4's commitment starts from an in-depth analysis of state of the art Internet of Things/Internet of Everything (IoT/IoE) devices, commonly referred to as smart devices.
This analysis is for defining a microservices architecture. In line with the goals expected from the Entando's UXP platform, the microservices architecture allows mitigating the hardware weaknesses and limits and creating networks composed of a large number of objects. The CRS4's outcomes include a high-level architectural model suitable for integrating pervasive IoT/IoE components and a Smart City vertical application, called SmartMobility, for multimobility information urban services, using an ecosystem of IoT devices and developed using the Entando's UXP. The application provides information about park and ride facilities. Drivers are encouraged shifting from private cars to sustainable transport modes, such as bus, carsharing, and bikesharing, for part of their journey. SmartMobility aims at contributing to reducing traffic generated by private vehicles in the city besides helping drivers going towards high traffic areas by presenting real-time mobility data from different sources (video).
Other CRS4's outcomes, in terms of dissemination, are scientific papers publication. Four original manuscripts have been submitted to high-quality International Conferences. Topics encompass multiple aspects of “Future Internet of Things and Cloud”, “Internet and Web Applications and Services”, “Software Technologies” and “Web Information Systems and Technologies”. The papers are going to be published in the conferences’ proceedings, under an ISBN, and sent to the most relevant Citation Indexes such as ISI, DBLP, Elsevier, Scopus, Google Scholar, Semantic Scholar.
During the round table on June the 27th, emerged the need for collaboration with the institutions. The public sector might contribute with data and information. Moreover, policymakers must be involved in several choices, especially concerning Information Technologies infrastructures. What do you think about the role of the Public Administration?
Worldwide re-use of information helps in better participation of citizens in the decision-making processes of their country, to enhance the transparency of public spending and political handling. The case study of the metropolitan area of Cagliari demonstrates the active participation of public administrations in everyday technology-driven life. For example, real-time traffic information is available thanks to an infrastructure of inductive-loop traffic detectors (commonly referred to as traffic sensors) that can sense vehicles passing by.
These sensors are installed at the main roads connecting the suburbs to the city center. Data returned by REST APIs contain the flow of vehicles per unit of time and the average speed. This information allows estimating traffic flow at the time the user is supposed to pass to have the necessary information to elude high traffic zones. Another case is the public transport information. Most of the public transport companies in Cagliari and its extended area offer data on their bus services for free. Bus service information takes account of available bus lines, bus stops, the time-schedule, and the reliability of each line.
Speaking from a scientific point of view, based on your long-time experience, what does move "intelligent mobility" from experimental to the applicative and commercial?
The future is already here. Intelligent mobility originates from intelligent systems designed by human beings. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the most prominent topic contributing to smart cities and intelligent mobility. For example, systems for parking space vacancy detection can use cameras and image processing algorithms for detecting vacant and occupied parking spaces. Drivers can directly drive to the area closest to their destination. There, they will most likely find a free parking spot, avoiding in this way time and fuel wasting besides reducing traffic congestion. The automotive industry is the most prominent example of technology entering the market.
On the one hand, Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and autonomous vehicles, including camera-based machine vision systems, radar-based detection units, driver condition evaluation, are de-facto utilities and commodities in everyday life vehicles. On the other hand, In-Vehicle Infotainment (IVI) systems include speech recognition and gesture recognition, eye tracking and driver monitoring, virtual assistance, and natural language interfaces. The IVI provides human drivers the user experience required for pleasant driving. The recent IVI development allows “mirroring” features from a mobile phone to a car's compatible in-dash information and entertainment unit. Google Android Auto and Apple CarPlay are the primary IVI standards. Thanks to mirroring, the mobile phone's APPs are displayed and available in the vehicle, avoiding installation on the car's unit. SmatMobility is already available in Google Android Auto, getting a hands-free driving mode thanks to virtual voice assistants.
The joint-project that inspired the workshop is carried out in collaboration with a private company, Entando. What does it mean for a researcher to deal with the private sector?
This project is held thanks to the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), a fund allocated by the European Union and transferred to Regions for investing in infrastructures and promoting regional development. It allows the Sardinia region to start attracting private sector investments besides creating jobs on its own. The synergies between CRS4 and Entando started years ago on the occasion of several collaborations. Many of the Entando's strategies are attainable thanks to the CRS4's know-how and its
scientific background. Entando is a player with substantial business experience. Entando's market positioning and the way it is distinguished from the products of the competitors are interesting for CRS4.
Multiple IT products and services can be jointly developed and shared with the entire regional and international network.